Conflict-related Sexual Violence (CRSV) is frequently and deliberately used to target civilians, inflicting long-term trauma and humiliation, fracturing families and the social fabric, triggering displacement and fueling armed actors’ activities. Such violence is also used as a tactic of violent extremism and terrorism. The use of sexual violence in armed conflict and post-conflict situations is one of the worst global protection challenges due to its scale, prevalence and profound impact. The widespread use of CRSV in places such as Rwanda, the Former Yugoslavia, and Sierra Leone led to the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1820 in 2008. The Council recognised that the deliberate use of sexual violence as a tactic of war exacerbates situations of armed conflict, impeding peace and reconciliation. Subsequent resolutions, 1888, 1960, 2106 and 2242 established the Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) framework to combat the use of CRSV through prevention, coordinated response, and accountability within the broader framework of Women, Peace and Security.
Today, four peacekeeping missions have a specific Security Council mandate to address CRSV: MINUSCA in the Central African Republic, MINUSMA in Mali, MONUSCO in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, UNMISS in South Sudan. Along with other mission substantive entities, the UN military component is responsible to proactively prevent, deter perpetrators, protect civilians, especially women and children, and neutralise potential, impending and on-going CRSV threats. To facilitate peacekeepers in carrying out these mandated tasks, the UN-CRSV Specialised Training Materials (STM) package have been developed. These materials familiarise peacekeepers with the concept of CRSV, clarify roles and responsibilities, and equip them with tools to proactively address CRSV in their operational environment.
Instructor Notes and Guidance
How to use this pack
1. This pack has been developed as a resource for trainers who are running the MINUSCA Scenario-based Exercises (SBEs) on Conflict-Related Sexual Violence (CRSV). The training pack contains 5 scenario-based exercises and 7 Snap Situation.
2. The Scenarios are conceived for a detailed analysis of critical CSRV situations, each of them consist of a one page hand out that participants are given to work on in groups of five to eight people. They are tasked with preparing a 10 minute presentation back to the plenary, which will be followed by a general discussion and de-brief. There is some flexibility around the timing of these exercises and snap situations (depending on whether they are delivered as part of a broader training module or in a stand-alone format, and depending on how detailed the discussions on each scenario and snap situation should be and obviously depending on the audience), but they will probably take between 1.5 and 2.5 hours to deliver. In addition, the previous knowledge of the UN Core Pre-deployment training Materials and Protection of Civilians Materials are mandatory and essential.
This will be broken down as follows:
Module 1: MINUSCA
Module 2: MINUSMA
Module 3: MONUSCO
Module 4: UNAMID
Module 5: UNMISS
Module 6: UNOCI
Working in close collaboration with the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), and the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict (OSRSG-SVC), and with support from partners, DPO developed the first Handbook for United Nations Field Missions on Preventing and Responding to Conflict-Related Sexual Violence. The Handbook aims to provide practical guidance to civilian, military and police components of field missions and increase their capacities to prevent and respond to CRSV.
Our work is guided by the UN Policy for Field Missions on Preventing and Responding to CRSV. All personnel have the obligation to abide by the guiding principles it contains throughout their work and in interactions with national and local interlocutors, including survivors. Those principles include Do no harm; Confidentiality; Informed consent; Gender-sensitivity; the survivor-centred approach; and the Best interest of the child. The Policy also articulates the roles and responsibility of Heads of Missions and of the different mission components in implementing the CRSV mandate.
For more information please visit- Conflict-related Sexual Violence | United Nations Peacekeeping
Every year, the UN Secretary-General produces a global report on sexual violence in situations of armed conflict and post conflict. The report contains a list of parties that are credibly suspected of committing or being responsible for acts of CRSV and tracks implementation of commitments taken by these parties.